Adv. Eng. Mater. 2020, 1901505 DOI: 10.1002/adem.201901505
A. Cingolani, T. Casalini, M. R. Binelli, E. Cignoli, L. Di Gialluca, F. Zambon, T. Villa, C. F. Grottoli, K. Klaue, F. Rossi, and G. Perale
Abstract: Bioresorbable pins are experiencing a growing interest and a likewise increasing use in orthopedic surgery for bone ﬁxation. Indeed, such devices are naturally degraded by the human body and a subsequent surgery for their removal is not needed. However, bioresorption has a remarkable side effect on the performance of the devices, since mechanical properties decay over time. This aspect is essential for bone healing. In the ﬁrst 60 days, the pin must bear continuous mechanical stress while preventing torsional slip of bone fragments. Although torsional support can be improved with suitable pin section design, degradation kinetics and the consequent loss in mechanical stability are slowed down while using high molecular weight polymers, whose slow bioresorption increases recovery time and negatively affects patient care. Herein, a bioresorbable pin of new conception, in terms of cross-sectional shape and material formulation,ispresented.Bothsectionandpolymer design are optimized through comprehensive mathematical modeling, which syn-ergistically combines degradation and mechanical loads. As a result of the model, bioresorption time is minimized, whereas adequate mechanical resistance is ensured for the ﬁrst 60 days. The most promising device is then injection molded, sterilized, mechanically tested, and successfully evaluated ex vivo in human femoral heads.